Four Prints of an Election
London, Baldwin, Cradock & Joy 1822
The general tenor of Hogarth’s Election plates and the issues involved, derive from the notoriously corrupt Oxfordshire election of 1754. Oxfordshire was generally considered to be a Tory stronghold, but the county’s two greatest landowners and most influential magnates the Duke of Marlborough and Lord Guilford were both Whigs. Both felt that their political influence was not as great as their prestige and holdings entitled them to, consequently they resolved to challenge the Tory supremacy, and for the two years prior to the General Election they waged a riotous and unrelenting campaign of vote rigging, gerrymandering, propaganda and corruption, here satirised by Hogarth.
- An Election Entertainment
Hogarth’s most complex and worked over engraving. A drunken, riotous Whig election party in the coffee room of an inn. Paulson 198, state VIII / VIII.
- Canvassing for Votes
A village street. Outside one pub one party canvasses the electors, while
outside the another pub the other party rallies its troops. Paulson 199
state 1V / IV.
- The Polling
A polling booth on election day. Every person entitled by property
qualifications to vote has been pressed to attend including the blind,
crippled, convicted and dying. Paulson 200 state III / III.
- Chairing the Members
The victorious members are carried aloft by their jubilant supporters. In
actual fact there was no chairing of the members after the Oxfordshire
Election. The Tories were declared the winners, but the results were
immediately referred to Parliament for scutiny, and the Whigs declared the
eventual winners, a fact Hogarth comments on in this engraving with the True Blue slogans carried by the revellers. Paulson 201 III / III.
Set of four plates £1500